High Cholesterol Specialist

Alex M. Mercado, MD

Board Certified Internal Medicine located in Flanders, NJ

High cholesterol can increase your risk for several diseases and conditions. As such, Alex M. Mercado, MD, A Primary Care Partners Affiliate, offers cholesterol screening as part of the routine care provided to all patients from in and around Flanders, New Jersey. If you have high cholesterol, learn how to bring your numbers back into a healthy range and gain a deeper understanding of your overall health by scheduling an appointment with Dr. Mercado by calling or clicking ‘Book Online’ today.

High Cholesterol Q & A

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in your blood that your body needs to create cells. Your liver manufactures about 80% of the cholesterol that you require, and the rest comes from animal-based food products like meat and dairy.

There are two types of cholesterol:

  1. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): considered the “bad” type of cholesterol; high levels can increase your risk of serious medical issues
  2. High-density lipoprotein (HDL): often called “good” cholesterol; can protect you from heart disease and stroke

Cholesterol travels in your bloodstream through your arteries and other blood vessels. When you have too much cholesterol, the excess can stick to the walls of your arteries, creating plaque deposits.

Those deposits narrow and stiffen your arteries, causing a severe medical condition known as atherosclerosis.

What causes high cholesterol?

High cholesterol can occur due to several factors, including:

  • Excess weight or obesity
  • Age
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetic factors
  • Diet high in cholesterol, trans fats, or saturated fats

Fortunately, most of these causal factors are controllable through lifestyle modification.

What are some treatment options for high cholesterol?

While designing your treatment path, Dr. Mercado weighs numerous factors and works with you to determine which approach is best suited to your specific needs.

Some patients see positive results from medications. Some types of drugs, including statins, fibric acid derivatives, and bile acid resins, work to lower your LDL levels. Others, like niacin, increase your HDL levels while also reducing LDL.

Lifestyle modification is a powerful tool for improving high cholesterol. Depending on your current health, you may be able to address your cholesterol by overhauling your diet and exercise routines. That's a good option for men and women who are in overall good health and want to avoid medication.

If you’re ready to find out your current cholesterol levels and take action to improve your overall health, schedule an appointment with Dr. Mercado today.

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